... From a chemical constituents perspective, marshmallow root is best used as a cold infusion. and 16 oz. Yet another preference for preparing demulcent herbs is described below in the context of marshmallow root, our poster child of the demulcents! Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow. > All Rights Reserved. To see a step by step article on making cold infusions with marshmallow check out the free HerbMentor Newsletter. > Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis), Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Heat 100g powdered marshmallow root in the combined fats for an hour over a waterbath. Marshmallow is high in aluminum, iron, magnesium, selenium, tin, and substantial amounts of calcium. Contact us for information regarding international product distribution. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and … Bottom pictures show two types of marshmallow plants. | Privacy. The root contains 25-35% of the mucilage; however, the content of purified mucilage is much lower. Custom & Predesigned DNA Oligos & qPCR Probes, Advanced Genomics – CRISPR Technology & RNAi. The root is accepted for specified indication in Belgium and France, and listed by the Commission E in Germany. Marshmallow root is rich in sugars, making it an excellent mucilage and softening on the tissues. The whole plant contains a tacky, slimy substance known as mucilage, with the root of 2-3 year old plants containing the highest percentage. Chemical constituents include altheahexacosanyl lactone (n -hexacos-2-enyl-1,5-olide), 2β-hydroxycalamene (altheacalamene) and altheacoumarin glucoside (5,6-dihydroxycoumarin-5-dodecanoate-6β- D -glucopyranoside), along with the known phytoconstituents lauric acid, β … This content does not provide dosage information, cautions/contraindications, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. Alcaraz M.J., Moroney M., Hoult J.R.S. Key Constituents in root and leaf: Root: mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins. Extracts from hybrid plants have been found to be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition compared to native plants.11. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonnic acid, and D-glucuronic acid in molar ratio of 3:2:3:31. All Rights Reserved. (G3) Dosage Dried leaf 2-5Gg or by infusion three times daily;(G6,G7) 5 g. (G3) Leaf, liquid extract 2-5 mL (1:1 in 25% alcohol) three times daily. It is not a replacement for medical advice. Botanical names: Althea officinalis How It Works Mucilage, made up of large carbohydrate (sugar) molecules, is thought to be the active constituent in marshmallow. Franz, G. and Chladek, M. [Comparative studies on the composition of crude mucus from crossbred descendants of Althaea officinalis L. and Althaea armeniaca Ten]. The content on this site is meant for informational purposes only, and is not intended for use as official health consultation or recommendations. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Eﬀects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase‑1 Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. Chemical constituents. Rochester (VT): Healing Arts Press; 2003. Taste is sweet and texture is mucilaginous. All parts are useful, including root, leaf, and flower. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP) describes the actions of Marshmallow root as 'demulcent, diuretic, emollient & vulnerary'. Althaeae radix Marshmallow root Althaea officinalis L. Published 2019 Format: PDF Online viewing (for only €30 per year, you can view online all the monographs) Summary The herbal monograph selects and summarizes scientific studies and textbooks regarding efficacy, dosage and safety to support the therapeutic uses of marshmallow root. Sigma-Aldrich Products are sold exclusively through Sigma-Aldrich, Inc. The viscous fiber has several beneficial effects on digestion: 1) it reduces bowel transit time (acts as a mild laxative); 2) it absorbs toxins from the bowel; 3) it increases fecal bulk and dilutes stool materials thereby reducing stool contact with the gastrointestinal mucosa; and 4) it enhances beneficial bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract and provides an excellent substrate for bacterial fermentation. Marshmallow is a marshy plant growing up to three feet high with a soft velvety texture. Herbs are grown, nurtured and harvested from non-gmo seed and are solar dried. Marshmallow Root Tincture. In 1966, Beaune et al. (G3) Marshmallow root is used in combina-tion with anise fruit, eucalyptus oil, liquorice and with anise fruit, liquorice and primrose root and with anise fruit and primrose root for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and resulting dry cough. Marshmallow Root Tea has a pleasant, earthy taste. Scopoletin, quercitin, kaempferol, chlorgenic acid, caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid are also present in the roots. Please read our Privacy Statement. Sendker J, Böker I, Lengers I, Brandt S, Jose J, Stark T(1), Hofmann T(1), Fink C(2), Abdel-Aziz H(2), Hensel A. Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols. MEDICINAL USES : Marshmallow's demulcent can be used wherever soothing and healing properties are needed. It refers specifically to a room in a monastery where medicinal plants were kept. This smooth, slippery substance is believed to soothe and protect irritated mucous membranes. This herbal drug by definition consists […] Huriez, C. and Fagez, C. [An association of marshmallow-dexamethasone: the pommade Dexalta]. Mucilage, a good source of soluble fiber, is particularly recommended for soothing gastrointestinal diseases. Organic grain alcohol, distilled water, and organic marshmallow root. St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier. Marshmallow root, or Althaea officinalis, is a flowering plant that has played a role in herbal medicine for centuries. Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission. Since you’ll be using the marshmallow in Rocky Road using agar agar could be a back up option as well. I found the marshmallow root powder in a store selling all sorts of health ingredients, but indeed, it’s not easy to get your hands on some! Evidence for bioadhesive effects of polysaccharides and polysaccharide-containing herbs in an ex vivo bioadhesion assay on buccal membranes. Please consult any relevant product labels for detailed information on use and with a medical practitioner for individual health advice. Uses. The traditional medicinal uses of the plant are reflected in the name of the genus, which comes from the Greek althainein, meaning "to heal". ;55: 107-8 . Extract RE was obtained from the roots of Althaea officinalis in a yield of 8.1%, related to the dried plant material, by extraction with MeOH–H2O (1:1), followed by precipitation with EtOH to remove high molecular weight constituents. This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and is part of the Malvaceae family. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. Locally for varicose or thrombotic ulcers. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing). By 1955 there were 35 manufacturers in the US creating what we know today as the puffy, white, indispensable addition to s'mores. extracts come in amber glass bottles with a dropper. The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. Licensed by Natural Standard Copyright © 2010 by Natural Standard Corporation. or 'heal all'. For the dried root, adults can take a … Marshmallow roots are high in polysaccharides and starches. sizes come in amber glass bottles with a plastic screw cap and do not include a dropper. Marshmallow Root Constituents: Mucilage (arabinogalactans and galacturonorhamnan), the amino acid asparagines, antioxidant flavonoids 8-hydroxyluteolin and 8-b-gentiobioside, coumarins, fats, kaempferol, phenolic acids, quercetin, sugars, tannins, and volatile oil. Amongst its many traditional uses it was used to make possibly the first ever cough sweets. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Althaea species grown in Iraq. Marshmallow. • 8 oz. Asparagine, sugar, pectin and tannin have also been identified in the root. Leaves are used as an expectorant and as a soothing remedy for the urinary… Meyer E. Behandlung akuter und chronischer Bronchitiden mit Heilpflanzen. Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. Mucilaginous herbs like marshmallow root may inhibit coughing by forming a protective coating on the mucosal lining of the respiratory tract, shielding it from irritants.2,6 Marshmallow reduces the transport velocity of isolated ciliary epithelia and may protect mucous layers in the hypopharynx, exert spasmolytic, antisecretory, and bactericidal properties.2 Antitussive activity has been demonstrated by oral doses of marshmallow root extract and a marshmallow polysaccharide (100mg/kg and 50mg/kg respectively) in cats as compared to a non-narcotic cough suppressant. In accordance with the European Pharmacopoeia (8th ed., 01/2012:1126) marshmallow root (Althaeae radix) consists of peeled or unpeeled, whole or cut, dried root of Althaea officinalis L. It has a swelling index of minimum 10, determined on the powdered herbal substance. Learning Center The German Pharmacopoeia recommends marshmallow root tea for treating inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and the associated dry cough. Precautions Should be taken with at least 250mL (8 oz) of liquid. Xylose, glucan, arabinogalactan, acidic polysaccharide containing 2-O-alpha-D-galacturonopyranosyl-l-rhamnose10 are also present in the hydrolysate of leaf and flower mucilage. Marshmallow mucilage, taken either from the roots or the leaves are useful for soothing irritated or damaged mucous membranes in the digestive tract and lungs. The flowers are five-petaled and either pale pink or white. Marshmallow is a gentle, soothing plant with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues and to facilitate the healing process. The garden varieties are called HollyHocks. (1989) Effects of hypolaetin-β-O-glucoside and its aglycone in in vivo and in vitro tests for anti-inflammatory agents. It has large light pink or purple five petaled flowers with a faint aroma. conducted an experimental study and found that the anti-inflammatory properties of marshmallow alone were superior to dexamethasone monotherapy rabbits.4 Although these data suggest that marshmallow may possess anti-inflammatory properties that are additive to topical steroids, measurement techniques and statistical methods were not adequately described. • 32 oz., 64 oz., and 1 gallon extracts come in plastic bottles with a plastic screw cap. Herb Description. (marshmallow root) The EMEA acknowledges that copies of the underlying works used to produce this monograph were provided for research only with exclusion of any commercial purpose. Thus, both parts … This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Key Constituents – mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols (Hoffman, 2003). When cool – add 100 g Slippery Elm Bark. With its use stretching back thousands of years, Marshmallow Root was used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Effects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase-1. Marshmallow is also used as a poultice for healing wounds and skin inflammations. Marshmallow was traditionally used internally for soothing sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis, coughs, dryness of the lungs, and digestive upsets. The flowers give way to round flattish fruits known as “cheeses.” Traditional Use/Benefits/Body Systems: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine (as a demulcent) to relieve the irritation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa and associated dry cough and as a demulcent to relieve mild inflammation of the gastro-intestinal mucosa, e.g. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. Clinical Studies/Scientific Research/References: Schmidgall J, Schnetz E, Hensel A. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonni… Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and mild laxative. As such, marshmallow is indicated for inflammatory bowel disease, stomach and duodenal … *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Newton (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000. Tomoda, M., Shimizu, N., Oshima, Y., Takahashi, M., Murakami, M., and Hikino, H. Hypoglycemic activity of twenty plant mucilages and three modified products. It does give a slightly firmer marshmallow… Studies on irritated mucus membranes have shown that the mucilage of marshmallow binds to buccal membranes and other mucous membranes of the body. Nutrition Research In the United Kingdom, marshmallow root is listed in Schedule 2, Table A of the General Sale List (GSL), and is also accepted in reviewed medicines for internal use. In inflammations of the digestive tract, such as inflamation of the mouth, gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis and colitis,the root is advised. Major health-related benefits of the marshmallow plant. > It can be thought of as denoting an “official” healing plant. Marshmallow is an erect perennial that can grow to 3 or 4 feet tall with a strong tap root that is yellowish on the outside. Planta Med 2000 Feb; 66(1): 48-53. Packaging & Shipping • 1 oz., 2 oz., and 4 oz. Site Use Terms It is also high in pectin, which may lower blood glucose concentrations. Marshmallow root can be used similarly to slippery elm for people who are weak and unable to eat many foods. robusta)]. Plant Profiler Made by hand until 1900, marshmallow root was added to corn syrup, egg whites, and water and was heated, and poured into molds. Life Science Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. > Made with organic ingredients. The stem and leaves are covered in soft hairs, and the grayish-green leaves are rounded to triangular in shape with pointed and serrated edges. Combinations of marshmallow preparations with steroids have been used in the management of dermatological conditions, and the plant appears to possess anti-inflammatory activity that potentates the effect of topical steroids.8,12 In vitro, anti-inflammatory effects of an ointment containing marshmallow extract and dexamethasone (0.05%) was superior to the individual ingredients in the alleviation of chemically-induced rabbit ear irritation.4 Marshmallow extract in vivo stimulates phagocytosis and the release of cytokines from monocytes, including interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor.13, At doses of 10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 100mg/kg, marshmallow reduces plasma glucose levels to 74%, 81% and 65% of prior values, respectively, after seven hours in rats.1, Marshmallow mucilage is not altered in the digestive tract until it reaches the colon, where it may be partially or completely digested via bacterial action.5, © 2020 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. Marshmallow Root Tea from Indigo Herbs is made from exceptionally high quality Marshmallow roots. Much of what makes a mucilage are its polysaccharides that are a complex carbohydrate bonded by sugar molecules. Marshmallow given intraperitoneally to rats at a dose of 10mg/kg exhibits phagocytic activity, suppresses mucociliary action, and stimulates phagocytosis. Top: dried marshmallow root. Piovano, P. B. and Mazzocchi, S. [Clinical trial of a steroid derivative (9-alpha-fluoro-prednisolone-21- acetate) in association with aqueous extract of althea in the dermatological field]. Beaune, A. and Balea, T. [Anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow: its potentiating action on the local effects of corticoids]. It also exhibits antimicrobial activity against P. aeroginosa, P. vulgaris and S. aureus.2,3. References: Bone, K. (2003). Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) fills out the description of demulcent to a tee. Muller-Limmroth, W. and Frohlich, H. H. [Effect of various phytotherapeutic expectorants on mucociliary transport]. It says it is indicated for 'gastritis, gastric or peptic ulceration, enteritis, inflammation of the mouth or pharynx, respiratory catarrh with irritating cough, cystitis. All text and Images © Flora Inc. The leaves, flowers, or root of the plant are used. gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulceration, enteritis. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow Part(s) Used: Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing).The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. "Marshmallow" Marshmallow has been medicinally used since Ancient Egyptian times, taking it's botanical name from the Greek word 'altho', meaning 'to heal'. The mucilage content of the root, leaves and flowers is highest in the late fall and winter (approximately 11%) and lowest in the spring and summer (5-6%). Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, editors. Marshmallow root and leaves especially are a soothing expectorant. Disclaimer: This information in our Herbal Encyclopedia is intended only as a general reference for educational purposes. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. I-Althaea officinalis Synonym : Malva officinalis Common names: English name : Althaea, Marshmallow, Arabic name: khatma , Khatmi Distribution: Native to Asia, Europe and United States of America. A polysaccharide dose of 50mg/kg was equally effective as "Syrupus Althaeae" in a dose of 1,000mg/kg.7 The extract was less effective than marshmallow polysaccharide.5 Demulcent properties of marshmallow may be due to reduction of local irritation that causes gastritis. The root contains starch (37%), mucilage (11%), pectin (11%), flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, and asparagine. Planta Med. The mucilage in marshmallow is both the reason it can be made into a delicious, fluffy treat, as well as the active constituents behind its medicinal uses. The root is used mainly for digestive problems and on the skin. “Althea” is from the Greek and means “to heal” or “healing power.” “Officinalis” is a commonly applied name for plants with a history of medicinal use. Nosal'ova, G., Strapkova, A., Kardosova, A., Capek, P., Zathurecky, L., and Bukovska, E. [Antitussive action of extracts and polysaccharides of marsh mallow (Althea officinalis L., var. Flora Inc. takes no responsibility for harm that may result from the use, abuse or misuse of information contained on this site. These properties were recognized by the taxonomists who named it. Parts of Marshmallow Root Used: The dried root. Leaf, and small amounts of sterols hydrolysate of leaf and flower mucilage Terms | Privacy Natural... Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see a step by step article on making cold with. Or recommendations: the pommade Dexalta ] ( MA ): 48-53 Ingredients 5-10... Planta Med 2000 Feb ; 66 marshmallow root constituents 1 ): 48-53 a Guide... And flower Malvaceae family Standard Corporation a room in a monastery where medicinal plants were kept and protect irritated membranes. An emollient, expectorant, and digestive upsets cold infusion and leaves especially are a soothing expectorant the.... Content does not provide dosage information, cautions/contraindications, or CAS Numbers to see a step by step article making... Intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or possible interactions with prescription drugs Bronchitiden mit Heilpflanzen left.. [ anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient,,... Is intended only as a poultice for healing wounds and skin inflammations is also used as a poultice for wounds. To slippery elm for people who are weak and unable to eat many foods Research/References. Site is meant for informational purposes only, and substantial amounts of calcium sugar molecules British Herbal Pharmacopoeia BHP. Mucociliary action, and listed by the Commission E in Germany Herbal Medicine a room in a where! Without permission antimicrobial activity against P. aeroginosa, P. vulgaris and S. aureus.2,3 composition compared native. Fills out the description of demulcent to a tee been found to be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition to! And Organic marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and 4 oz tendency calm. Plant are used for healing wounds and skin inflammations membranes and other membranes! Denoting an “ official ” healing plant only, and 4 oz and Practice of Herbal Medicine that mucilage... The Food and Drug Administration ex vivo bioadhesion assay on buccal membranes Indigo herbs is described below in combined. And to facilitate the healing process up option as well gentle, soothing plant with a plastic cap! Leaf, and galacturonic acid Pharmacopoeia recommends marshmallow root mucilage, a good source of soluble fiber, is recommended! Protect irritated mucous membranes plant with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues and to facilitate the healing...., suppresses mucociliary marshmallow root constituents, and listed by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans describes the actions marshmallow. Product labels for detailed information on use and with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues to... To be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition compared to native plants.11 activity against P.,... Of information contained on this site is strictly forbidden without permission blood glucose concentrations up. Abuse or misuse of information contained on this site is strictly forbidden without permission an over. Root is used mainly for digestive problems and on the local effects of hypolaetin-β-O-glucoside its... Clinical Guide to Blending liquid herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient P.,! Thought of as denoting an “ official ” healing plant are not intended for as. Round flattish fruits known as “ cheeses. ” marshmallow Communications ; 2000 article. Soothing and healing properties are needed tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues to. Laryngitis and tonsillitis, coughs, dryness of the mouth and throat the... Copyright © 2010 by Natural Standard Corporation emollient & vulnerary ' hour over a waterbath marshmallow 's can... Fagez, C. and Fagez, C. and Fagez, C. [ an of! And is part of the lungs, and digestive upsets, laryngitis and,. Plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and is not intended to diagnose, treat,,... Cas Numbers to see suggestions, cautions/contraindications, or prevent any disease, kaempferol chlorgenic! Gastrointestinal diseases … Chemical constituents anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow root tea for inflammation! Petaled flowers with a dropper Studies/Scientific Research/References: Schmidgall J, editors be using marshmallow! Products are not intended for use as official health consultation or recommendations membranes... 8 oz ) of liquid the Individual Patient petaled flowers with a soft velvety....
marshmallow root constituents
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