The Swamp Rabbit is generally found near water, as its name suggests, and is an excellent swimmer. The tops of the hind feet are reddish brown. Although for most individuals, these rabbits are not from the cottontail genus. Since all three live within our borders, let's take a closer look at them. [6] Males are slightly larger than females. The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. Weight: 1.6 - 2.7kg. This website uses 'cookies' to give you the best, most relevant experience. Its throat and tail are white, and it has cinnamon-colored circles around its eyes. The rabbit typically forages at night. [5], The swamp rabbit is found in much of the south-central United States and along the Gulf coast. When fighting, males will stand on their hind legs and use their teeth and claws to inflict wounds on their opponent. Description : The swamp rabbit is similar to the eastern cottontail but has a generally larger size, proportionately shorter and rounder ears, coarser body fur with a yellowish cast (particularly to the rump), and more black mottling. Similar to the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) and the Appalachian cottontail (Sylvilagus obscurus), the underside of the tail is white. When a predator gets close, these rabbits are likely to jump in the water and swim away, or dive under roots or overhangs to escape. [6], Rival males will often engage in aggressive encounters that sometimes become violent enough to kill one of the combatants. All the members of a swamp rabbit population breed around the same time (which is called synchronous breeding). Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. In a Mississippi study, groups of males harvested in December and February had higher percentages of individuals with descended testes than those harvested in any other months (Class 2006). They spend the day under cover and emerge at dusk to forage. Swamp rabbits are found in the Gulf Coast and south-central region of the United States. Spermatogenesis has been noted to occur in S. aquaticus in Missouri in October and November. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. [6], Known predators of Sylvilagus aquaticus are domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis), and humans (Homo sapiens). S. aquaticus ranges in length from approx. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. The first two are true rabbits, but the jackrabbit is not a rabbit at all; it's a hare. 93–96., doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.09.001. The latter usually weighs 2 to 3 pounds, but the swamper tips the scales at 4 to 11. The largest of the cottontails is the swamp rabbit, which weighs up to 6 pounds. [6] It is most abundant in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, but also inhabits South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Georgia. Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, The Mammals of Texas, by William B. Davis and David J. Schmidly. Swamp rabbits are a large variety of cottontail rabbit and they have specific habitat needs. surrounded by brush or plant debris with only their nose visible. Of the two, swamp rabbits are most similar to cottontails, but swamp rabbits are generally larger, with relatively shorter and rounder ears, somewhat coarser fur with a yellowish cast, particularly in the rump, and more black mottling; they have tawny rump fur, visible when fluffed; the tops of the hind feet are reddish brown; and the back of the neck is only slightly rust-colored. An herbivore, swamp rabbits eat grass, sedges, shrubs, twigs, tree seedlings, and tree bark. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a … Unlike most rabbits, they like to swim. [6] Even though their swimming abilities lack the speed to escape a pack The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. Females give birth to altricial young. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. This differs from the bluish gray tail of the marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris). Young leave the nest after about two weeks. The gestation period lasts 35 to 40 days. In the lingo of biology, it is called as “ Sylvilagus palustris.” It is again a not-so-big-sized rabbit just like a brush rabbit and unlike a swamp rabbit. Swamp Rabbit Picture of Swamp Rabbit . The ranges of these animals were originally disjunct, but O. cuniculus is now feral in the range of L. americanus.High rates of fertilization occur in rabbits inseminated with hare semen, but less than 10% of hare oocytes are fertilized with rabbit semen. [5], Breeding season varies widely across the range of S. aquaticus, usually occurring anywhere between February and August, but can occur year-round in Texas. However, this feature is not present in … Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. The species has a strong preference for wet areas, and it will take to the water and swim. As a verb rabbit is The rabbit’s neck is a brownish rust color and its ears are small and rounded with a black spot between. [7], S. aquaticus is the largest of the cottontail species, although its ears are smaller than of other cottontails. Attend a virtual roundtable to learn about the challenges Black people face when accessing and enjoying the outdoors, and learn about ways in which we can address barriers and challenges. In a crock pot, you can't tell them apart. It is two times the size of the cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) and darker in color with a cinnamon colored ring around the eye. 17.8 inches (45 cm) to 21.7 in (55 cm), with an average length of about 19.7 in (50 cm). This is due mostly to the fact that snow cover constrains hiding ability and availability of food resources. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a mix of dark brown, rusty brown, and black. In Georgia in 1979, there was a well-publicized incident involving a swamp rabbit and then-President Jimmy Carter, in which a swamp rabbit that was being chased by hounds jumped in the water and swam up to President Carter’s fishing boat. The fur is brown on top and white underneath. [8], Swamp rabbits are herbivorous; they eat a variety of foraged plants, including grasses, sedges, shrubs, tree bark seedlings, and twigs. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. The Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) in Indiana TED L. TERREL Utah Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, Utah State University, Logan 84321 ABSTRACT: Swamp-rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) distribution, habitat, population characters and behavioral traits were studied in Indiana in 1968-69. Other common names for the swamp rabbit include marsh rabbit and cane-cutter. The Swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail rabbit species. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. Most females will have two to three litters per year. [6] Their sides, rump, tail and feet are much more brownish, along with a pinkish-cinnamon eye-ring, as opposed to the whitish eye-ring in eastern cottontails. The breeding season typically falls between February and August. They make nests of grasses and twigs in a depression on the ground under a brush pile or log. Jackrabbit is not a rabbit at all ; it 's a hare the after. The other factors to which cottontail hunters must get accustomed to when hunting swamp rabbits are a variety... Rabbit ( Sylvilagus aquaticus ) is the terrain snowy/wintry seasons 4.8 lb ( kg. Males generally growing slightly larger than females a definite local range which they to! Jackrabbit is not a rabbit at all ; it 's a hare aquaticus are synchronous breeders: 45 55cm... 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swamp rabbit vs cottontail

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