The mangroves of Bhitarkanika National Park, in the Kendrapara district of Orissa, India (located at approximately 20°40'N, 87°00'E) make up about 700 of the 2500 sq. Bhitarkanika is one such location of rich, lush green vibrant eco-system lying in the estuarine region of Brahmani- Baitarani in the North-Eastern corner of Kendrapara district of Odisha. The area is also been designated as second Ramsar site of the State after the Chilika Lake. Mangrove species, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush. It has much significance with regard to ecological, geomorphological and biological background which includes mangrove forests, rivers, creeks, estuaries, back water, accreted land and mud flats. The mangroves of Bhitarkanika National Park, in the Kendrapara district of Orissa, India (located at approximately 20°40'N, 87°00'E) make up about 700 of the 2500 sq. At Bhitarkanika, we got to see 6 different types of Kingfisher birds in its dense mangroves dotting the creeks. 3 of these varieties we saw for the first time. The area is intersected by a network of creeks with Bay of Bengal on the East. Spotted deers and wild boars are abundant in the park and can be spotted at all the major locations. As many as 62 species of mangrove & its associates are found in Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. These wetlands are the homes of largest population of salt water crocodiles and Mangroves in India. Eight varieties of Kingfishers are found here and can be spotted along the many creeks and riverines within the park. The mangroves harbor one of India's largest populations of saltwater crocodiles, and Gahirmatha Beach, which separates the mangroves from the Bay of Bengal, is the world's most … It used to be the hunting grounds of the erstwhile King of Kanika . It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. E. agallocha is a dominant species at all sites. It was designated on 16 September 1998 and obtained the status of a Ramsar site on 19 August 2002. [5] According to the park report in 2006, there were 203 adults, of which 16 measured over 4.9 m (16 ft 1 in); 5 of these 5.5 to 6.1 m (18 ft 1 in to 20 ft 0 in), and 3 over 6.1 m (20 ft 0 in), as well as the preserved skeleton of a 6.0 m (19 ft 8 in) specimen which died one year earlier. Education played a large role in the willingness to conserve mangroves: “Respondents with a higher education level were more aware of the conservation status of the Bhitarkanika mangrove forests and had a positive attitude towards conservation issues as found in other areas (e.g. Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is known as the “Mini-Amazon” of India. [4], Olive ridley turtles arrive in January to March for nesting at Gahirmatha Beach. grove forests found in the state of West Bengal within the delta of the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers, and 2) Bhitarkanika mangroves in the state of Odisha within the delta of the Mahanadi, Brahmini, and Baitarani rivers. The census breakup of other mammals is monkeys - 1,522, jackals - 305, common langur - 39, otter - 38, sambar deer - 17, jungle cat - 11, fox - 10, Mongoose - 7, wolf- 7, fishing cats - 3, hyena - 12, according to the survey data. The national park and wildlife sanctuary is inundated by the rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra, Pathsala. Up to 80,000 individuals were captured every year until 1982. Gupti Nature Camp, inside the forests of Bhitarkanika and on the banks of river Patasala has 6 luxury accommodations for night stay. There are disturbing reports about mangroves in Bhitarkanika, one of their best known habitats, being cleared to facilitate illegal prawn culture and construction activities. Havelock island is rich in mangroves just like the rest of the Andaman archipelago. The bird is found to be breeding in the months of May to August in Bhitarkanika National Park. Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a mangrove wetland in Odisha, covering an area of 650 km (400 mi) in the Brahmani and Baitarani river deltas. Three rivers flow out to sea at Bhitarkanika, forming a tidal maze of muddy creeks and mangroves. In Bhitarkanika the bird is seen perching on Mangrove trees as well as foraging on mangrove ground. Around 3,000 saltwater crocodiles were born during 2014 annual breeding and nesting season. An area of 145 km² has been notified as Bhitarkanika National Park vide Notification No.19686/F in September 1998 by the government of Odisha. 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