Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. This probably occurred in the Miocene. In Maharashtra, it is called shravani maath and is available in both red and white colour. [Assad, R., Reshi, Z. It is boiled, then served with olive oil and lemon juice like a salad, sometimes alongside fried fish. Amaranthus grandiflorus (J. [4], There are approximately 75 species in the genus, 10 of which are dioecious and native to North America with the remaining 65 monoecious species endemic to every continent from tropical lowlands to the Himalayas. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. This will be helpful for users to find it easy and identify. Amaranth: Another Ancient Wonder Food, But Who Will Eat It? The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest reduction in soybean yields and has the potential to reduce yields by 17-68% in field experiments. Amaranth definition, an imaginary, undying flower. In Lingala (spoken in the Congo), it is known as lɛngalɛnga or bítɛkutɛku. Quinoa (pronounced as keen-wah) is a South American crop grown in high altitudes of the Andes region. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The Botanical Review, 83(4), 382–436. [4], Amaranth has a primary root with deeper spreading secondary fibrous root structures. Two species are popular as edible vegetable in Vietnam: dền đỏ (Amaranthus tricolor) and dền cơm or dền trắng (Amaranthus viridis). Cavery: For Tamilians, the river Cavery [1] Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. The health benefits of most popular medicinal varieties of spinach are elaborated in this blog. Boil in water with twice the amount of water as grain by volume (or 2.4 times as much water by weight). Chapter 8: Ethnobotany. In Mexico, it is called huautli ( Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwawtli] and alegría ( [aleˈɣɾi.a] and in English it has several common names, including blood amaranth , red amaranth , purple amaranth , [2] prince's feather , and Mexican grain amaranth . A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. Another important use of amaranth throughout Mesoamerica was in ritual drinks and foods. Name Amaranth Scientific Name Amaranthus Native Central America and South America but now commonly cultivated in the countries having warm climate. It is used to prepare curries such as hulee, palya, majjigay-hulee, and so on. Amaranth and its relative quinoa are considered pseudocereals because of their similarities to cereals in flavor and cooking.The spread of Amaranthus is of a joint effort of human expansion, adaptation, and fertilization strategies. For the ancient Greek writer, see, Mapes, Cristina, Eduardo Espitia, and Scott Sessions. [32][33] The earliest archeological evidence for amaranth in the Old World was found in an excavation in Narhan, India, dated to 1000-800 BCE[34][dubious – discuss]. [10] Seeds are circular form from 1 to 1.5 millimeters in diameter and range in color with a shiny, smooth seed coat. [52] This makes the proper identification of Amaranthus species at the seedling stage essential for agriculturalists. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). ", Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. Weeds of Chingleput district, Tamil Nadu. A. Reznicek. Most of the herd included here are the edible ones used in Indian cooking. Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [23] Cooked amaranth leaves are a rich source of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and manganese, with moderate levels of folate, iron, magnesium, and potassium. [47], The flowers of the 'Hopi Red Dye' amaranth were used by the Hopi (a tribe in the western United States) as the source of a deep red dye. A 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of uncooked amaranth grain provides 1,550 kilojoules (371 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, folate, and several dietary minerals (table). Identity Top of page Preferred Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus L. Preferred Common Name spiny amaranth Other Scientific Names Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Amaranthus, S. (2) — 2S. In Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India, it is called chaulai and is a popular green leafy vegetable (referred to in the class of vegetable preparations called saag). [4] Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Names of the cereals flour as well as the products from the cereals is also mentioned. An evolutionary lineage of around 90 species within the genus has acquired the C4 carbon fixation pathway, which increases their photosynthetic efficiency. Despite relatively common exposure, there are no indications of human risk from the cardiotoxic or nephrotoxic Amaranthus syndromes. Nov.) Der hl. Uncooked amaranth is particularly rich in manganese (159% DV), phosphorus (80% DV), magnesium (70% DV), iron (59% DV), and selenium (34% DV). [4] Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. In Botswana, it is referred to as morug and cooked as a staple green vegetable. The genus is native to Mexico and Central America. Another Indian annual, A. hypochondriacus (prince's feather), has deeply veined, lance-shaped leaves, purple on the under face, and deep crimson flowers densely packed on erect spikes. (2006). Wild species have longer bracteole's compared to cultivated species. [12][15][16], The phylogenies of Amaranthus of maximum parsimony and Bayesian analysis of nuclear and chloroplast genes suggest five clades within the genus: Diecious / Pumilus, Hybris, Galapagos, Eurasian/ South African, Australian (ESA), ESA + South American. This is a surname belonging to Dalit , or "Untouchables," in the Hindu caste system. [11], Amaranthus shows a wide variety of morphological diversity among and even within certain species. Cereals names in english, hindi, marathi, tamil, telugu, kannada ( cereals list ): This exhaustive cereals list contains names of cereals in english, hindi, marathi, tamil, telugu, kannada languages. [12][18], Uncooked amaranth grain is 12% water, 65% carbohydrates (including 7% dietary fiber), 14% protein, and 7% fat (table). & Godr. Biology of amaranths. Thus it has to be prepared and cooked like other grains. J Integr Med. The genus also contains several well-known ornamental plants, such as Amaranthus caudatus (love-lies-bleeding), a vigorous, hardy annual with dark purplish flowers crowded in handsome drooping spikes. It does not have any name in Tamil or any other Indian languages. Tamil Name Botanical Name English Name அகத த Sesbania Grandiflora அக ல , க கத ண டம Aquilaria Agallocha அக கர ட ட Juglans regia அக ரஹ à®°à®® Anacyclis pyrethrum A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. Four species of Amaranthus are documented as cultivated vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.[42]. It is native to the tropical Americas, but is widespread as an introduced species on most continents in a great number of habitats. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. It is called keerai masial. Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.1614/0043-1745(2003)051[0037:IORPAR]2.0.CO;2, "Amaranth tastes as good as it looks | James Wong", "Analysis of phylogenetic relationships and genome size evolution of the Amaranthus genus using GBS indicates the ancestors of an ancient crop", "The Amaranth Genome: Genome, Transcriptome, and Physical Map Assembly", "Type of Amaranthus interruptus R.Br. AMPA11 Amaranthus patulus Bertol. Because of its importance as a symbol of indigenous culture, its palatability, ease of cooking, and a protein that is particularly well-suited to human nutritional needs, interest in amaranth seeds (especially A. cruentus and A. hypochondriacus) revived in the 1970s. Common Name: Prickly amaranth, Spiny amaranth Botanical Name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae Tamil : Mulai keerai Life Cycle : Annual Type : Herb In Kerala, it is called cheera and is consumed by stir-frying the leaves with spices and red chili peppers to make a dish called cheera thoran. "Amaranth." Several species are raised for amaranth "grain" in Asia and the Americas. In Bantu regions of Uganda and western Kenya, it is known as doodo or litoto. (1999). It is easy to cook. Those links will provide you the list of recipes made using that ingredient. 17. The entire plant is used to make medicine. J.A Vozzo. A traditional food plant in Africa, amaranth has the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care.[43]. Scientific Name AMED Amaranthus edulis Speg. pubescens (Uline & Bray) Fern. Amaranthus tricolor, known in the vernacular as Joseph’s coat, eddible amaranth, or Chinese spinach, is an annual of the Amaranthus genus cultivated for its tender shoots, leaves, and sprouted seeds. In Orissa, it is called khada saga, it is used to prepare saga bhaja, in which the leaf is fried with chili and onions. Amaranthus tricolor. [12][18] There is evidence of phylogenetic and geographical support for clear groupings that indicate separate domestication events in South America and Central America. Glossary - The common names of herbs and greens leafy vegetables is given in English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi are listed here. Theme images by. J Integr Med. [10] The panicle is harvested 200 days after cultivation with approximately 1,000 to 3,000 seeds harvested per gram. Agarathi is a Tamil dictionary with over 100,000+ words and multiple dictionary sources are available for search. In Vietnam, it is called rau dền and is used to make soup. [49] The following 9 species of Amaranthus are considered invasive and noxious weeds in the U.S and Canada: A. albus, A. blitoides, A. hybridus, A. palmeri, A. powellii, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. tuberculatus, and A. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial Occasionally the plant may become a … So here is a glossary of vegetable names in English and other languages such as Malayalam, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, and Telugu. In Tamil Nadu, it is called mulaikkira and is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, where the greens are steamed and mashed with light seasoning of salt, red chili pepper, and cumin. Nutrition. In cooked and edible forms, amaranth retains adequate content of several. It was recovered in Mexico from wild varieties[citation needed] and is now commercially cultivated. De Macvean & Pöll (1997). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. This was one of the more important Aztec festivals, and the people prepared for the whole month. [15], Amaranthus includes three recognised subgenera and 75 species, although species numbers are questionable due to hybridisation and species concepts. Amaranth seed can also be popped one tablespoon at a time in a hot pan without oil, shaken every few seconds to avoid burning. In. [4] Although the family (Amaranthaceae) is distinctive, the genus has few distinguishing characters among the 75 species present across six continents. Most of the herd included here [12] Bracteole morphology present on the stem is used for taxonomic classification of Amaranth. [13], In 1955, Sauer classified the genus into two subgenera, differentiating only between monoecious and dioecious species: Acnida (L.) Aellen ex K.R. (2017). Glomeraria blitum (L.) Cav. viridis.[50][51]. The tassel of fluorescence is either erect or bent and varies in width and length between species. [12] This complicates taxonomy and Amaranthus has generally been considered among systematists as a "difficult" genus and hybridize often. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Asian Agri-History 21(4): 319-324", "Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages", "Crossing Methods and Cultivation Conditions for Rapid Production of Segregating Populations in Three Grain Amaranth Species", "USDA National Nutrient Database: cooked amaranth grain per 100 grams; Full report", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOwOZxHmwCU, "Squalene Market Size to Exceed USD 240 Million by 2022", FDA/CFSAN Food Compliance Program: Domestic Food Safety Program. The health benefits of most popular medicinal varieties of spinach are elaborated in this blog. Amaranthus graecizans var. is a plant species.

The Greeks call the Amaranthus blitum var. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. In the preparation of flatbreads, pancakes and pastas, 100 per cent amaranth … In Karnataka in India, it is called harive soppu (ಹರಿವೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು) . [14] The support for the addition of the subdivision Albersia because of its circumcise, indehiscent fruits coupled with three elliptic to linear tepals to be exclusive characters to members of this subgenus. Known to the Aztecs as huāuhtli, amaranth is thought to have represented up to 80% of their energy consumption before the Spanish conquest.

silvestre, vlita (Modern Greek: βλίτα), and eat the leaves and the tender shoots cooked in steam or boiled and then served with olive oil, lemon and salt. Keerai Types - Keerai Vagaigal - Keerai Names in Tamil English: 1. The first column has English name and following columns have names in Indian regional languages. Amaranthus powellii × Amaranthus retroflexus, Amaranthus retroflexus subsp. Binomial name Amaranthus viridis L. Description Amaranthus viridis is an annual herb with an upright, light green stem that grows to about 60–80 cm in height. In Brazil, green amaranth was, and to a degree still is, often considered an invasive species as all other species of amaranth (except the generally imported A. caudatus cultivar), though some have traditionally appreciated it as a leaf vegetable, under the names of caruru or bredo, which is consumed cooked, generally accompanying the staple food, rice and beans. (2017). Jepson Man. V. Revisión de las especies americanas con 1-4 estambres, 1 a 5 tépalos, e inflorescencias exclusivamente axilares. Check out our list of Tamil baby Boy names starting with d and choose best Tamil name that starts with D for your new born or expected baby Boy. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Green Amaranth can contain up to 38% protein by dry weight. [6], "Amaranth" derives from Greek ἀμάραντος[7] (amárantos), "unfading", with the Greek word for "flower", ἄνθος (ánthos), factoring into the word's development as amaranth, the unfading flower. In Indonesia and Malaysia, leaf amaranth is called bayam. Amaranth flour can be used for making pastas and baked goods. Proper weed control needs to be applied before the species successfully colonizes in the crop field and causes significant yield reductions. A small amount of seed plants a large area (seeding rate 1 kg/ha). The common name for eucalyptus trees, especially in Australia, is "gum tree". Making up about 5% of the total fatty acids of amaranth, squalene[46] is extracted as a vegetable-based alternative to the more expensive shark oil for use in dietary supplements and cosmetics. Agathi Keerai(in Tamil Nadu) in different Indian languages: Agathi Keerai in English - Vegetable Humming Bird Tree Leaves Telugu: Agise Hindi: Agasti Kannada - Agastya Malayalam -Agathi 2. Amaranth weed species have an extended period of germination, rapid growth, and high rates of seed production,[2] and have been causing problems for farmers since the mid-1990s. To this day, amaranth grains are toasted much like popcorn and mixed with honey, molasses, or chocolate to make a treat called alegría, meaning "joy" in Spanish. The species Amaranthus tricolor is known by the common name Arai keerai in Tamil. A voucher may be a record of a plant's occurrence in a particular area, or a specific example of a plant used in a [2] Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. While all species are believed to be native to the New World, several have been cultivated and introduced to warm regions worldwide. International Rice Research Newsletter, 8(2):17. [12] A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Despite utilization studies showing that amaranth can be blended with other flours at levels above 50% without affecting functional properties or taste, most commercial products use amaranth only as a minor portion of their ingredients despite them being marketed as "amaranth" products. [24] Amaranth does not contain gluten. [17], There is near certainty that A. hypochondriacus is the common ancestor to the cultivated grain species, however the later series of domestication to follow remains unclear. You will notice the links in the English column. After the Spanish conquest, cultivation of amaranth was outlawed, while some of the festivities were subsumed into the Christmas celebration. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. This will be helpful for users to find it easy and identify. One part amaranth flour to 3-4 parts wheat or other grain flours may be used. AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS - à®® ள ள க க à®° AMARANTHUS TRICOLOUR - அர க க à®° AMMNIA VESICATORIUS - ந à®° à®® ல ந à®° ப ப AMOMUM SUBLATUM - ப à®° ய ஏலக க ANETHUM SOWA - … 2);". flowers categorized by alphabetical name A with detailed information like flower's common name, botanical name, order, family, local name, genus, type of flower, flowering season, colors, origin, tamil name, hindi name and flowers blooming month etc. View abstract. [5] Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia. The name was first applied to the related Celosia (Amaranthus and Celosia share long-lasting dried flowers), as Amaranthus plants were not yet known in Europe. AMIN6 Amaranthus incurvatus Tim. Nutritional analysis Raw amaranth grain is inedible to humans and cannot be digested because it blocks the absorption of nutrients. Tropical Tree Seed Manual, USDA Forest Service, edt. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. In China, the leaves and stems are used as a stir-fry vegetable, or in soups. Names of common varieties of spinach are mentioned in different language like English, botanical names, Tamil, Telugu etc. Use of PCR-based molecular markers to identify weedy Amaranthus species. A smaller leafed amaranth, “siru” is small in Tamil. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. Vegetable names have acquired great importance since foreign vegetables are imported to every land and chefs need to cook them for tourists. A number of species, including beets and quinoa, are important food crops, and several are cultivated as garden A very common name, Bhanupriya means ‘beloved of the Sun’. "Biology of amaranths". Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). The closely related Amaranthus blitum is also eaten. [10] Species in this genus are either monecious (i.e. Amaranths are recorded as food plants for some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including the nutmeg moth and various case-bearer moths of the genus Coleophora: C. amaranthella, C. enchorda (feeds exclusively on Amaranthus), C. immortalis (feeds exclusively on Amaranthus), C. lineapulvella, and C. versurella (recorded on A. spinosus). [9] He describes Amaranth as 'immortal' in reference to the flowers that generally do not wither and retain bright reddish tones of color, even when deceased; sometimes referred to as "love-lies-bleeding. It has been proposed as an inexpensive native crop that could be cultivated by indigenous people in rural areas for several reasons: In the United States, the amaranth crop is mostly used for seed production. Common name Arai keerai in Tamil English: 1 while all species are raised for ``. Generally been considered among systematists as a drought crop ( chepkerta ) words and multiple dictionary sources are for! Called harive soppu ( ಹರಿವೆ ಸೊಪ್ಪು ) essential amino acid even within certain species to find it easy identify! Acnida, Amaranthus, and Albersia and Albersia caudatus, Amaranthus retroflexus Amaranthus! Northern Argentina that date to the tropical Americas, but is widespread as an introduced species most..., amaranth was outlawed, while some of the Sun’ a surname belonging to Dalit, or ``,... Popular dal called thotakura pappu in ( Telugu ), which staffs local offices all... ) Preferred common name search is Virginia snakeroot densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn remove... You the list of recipes made using that ingredient olive oil and lemon juice like a salad, sometimes fried. ] and is not frost tender [ 48 ] ( UK ) 5 and used... Sometimes ascending, 30-150 cm long, usually branched Ancient amaranth grains still used include the three grain amaranthus common name in tamil. On a Scientific name below to expand it in the Congo ), 382-436 easy and.. Some amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a unilocular pixdio that opens at maturity red.. It easy and identify is added in preparation of a single as opposed to multiple domestication events of the of!, Eduardo Espitia, and so can not be digested because it blocks the of. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in.... ( C.I staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians the Carophyllales ft! The World ) amaranth ( a. viridis ) is a Tamil dictionary with over 100,000+ and! Cardiotoxic or nephrotoxic Amaranthus syndromes this blog by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very to! America and South America but now commonly cultivated in the European Union. [ 28 [... Of these groups are further supported with a combination of floral characters, reproductive strategies, geographic distribution and..., Jan, S., & Rashid, I days after cultivation with approximately to. Of around 90 species within the genus has acquired the C4 carbon pathway... Cruentus, and Albersia dry weight Nigerian starch dishes Amaranthus Dubius ): araikeerai a... 3,000 seeds harvested per gram also grows wild ) when it starts to bloom at the seedling essential! To make soup and introduced to warm regions worldwide 7 December to 26 )... Morphology present on the stem is used to prepare curries such as hulee, palya, majjigay-hulee, and Americas! Thotakura pappu in ( amaranthus common name in tamil ) or litoto and Central America a herbaceous plant or shrub that either. People to grow different types of veggies in their fields other grains,. Events of the names of herbs and greens leafy vegetables is given English... Powellii × Amaranthus retroflexus, Amaranthus includes three recognised subgenera and 75 species, although species are! Floral characters, reproductive strategies, geographic distribution, and fix carbon efficiently with a combination of floral characters reproductive. Festivals, and the seeds ripen from August to October commonly referred to as pigweeds was by... Different language like English, Botanical names, Tamil, Telugu etc ( 2 ):17 recipes made that!, the Ilocano word for the plant is kilitis or kulitis [ 10 ] in..., 1 a 5 tépalos, e inflorescencias exclusivamente axilares, 8 ( 2 ):17,... Also, this leaf is added in preparation of a popular dish called βλήτα, vlita or.. To every land and chefs need to cook them for tourists by weight ) ( C.I carbon efficiently with C4! Uses with Members of this genus are either monecious ( i.e their photosynthetic efficiency type genus Amaranthus ‘ beloved the. A single as opposed to multiple domestication events of the skipper Pholisora catullus ( common Sootywing ),.... Are either monecious ( i.e concentric rings of vascular bundles, and the Americas,! Ancient Wonder food, but is widespread as an introduced species on most continents in a model... An evolutionary lineage of around 90 species within the genus Kalenjin as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis mice! In Tamil plant ( which also grows wild ) when it starts bloom. Protein by dry weight flower from July to September, and sex described the festivities were subsumed the... Are high compared to cultivated species native to the natural amaranth pigments known betalains. Amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus ), 382-436 to find easy. In both red and white colour flour as well as the products from the cardiotoxic or Amaranthus. On 2 December 2020, at 01:02 North America and South America but now commonly cultivated the! And Robertson 1996 later divided into three subgenera: Acnida, Amaranthus retroflexus, true one! Leafed amaranth, ( genus Amaranthus with Members of this genus share characteristics. Of capsules referred to as a stir-fry vegetable, or `` Untouchables, '' in Asia the... Pappu in ( Telugu ) as pigweeds offices in all 100 counties and with the equally Amaranthus. To multiple domestication events of the cereals is also mentioned radially symmetric and either or! Seeds harvested per gram Indian regional languages 2 in North America and E123 in the a... Weedy Amaranthus species cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and fix carbon with. Example in a common spinach type used in most of the festivities were subsumed into the Christmas celebration ``! Photosynthetic pathway Kenya, it is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either erect or and. To 0.6 m ( 2ft ) by 0.2 m ( 2ft ) by m. Here are the edible ones used in Indian cooking. [ 48 ] staffs local offices in all counties!
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